Skip to main content

Full text of "Log City days; two narratives on the settlement of Galesburg, Illinois. The diary of Jerusha Loomis Farnham"

See other formats






/^d ///s7T ^s'c//? 6/ey 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign 



Two Narratives on the Settlement 
of Galesburg, Illinois 




Introduction by 






777 3V? 









Facing page 




Jerusha Brewster Loomis Farnham, who kept this diary 
of the trek from Tully, New York, to the Gale Colony at 
Log City, was the wife of Eli Farnham. It is not known 
how she and her husband happened to join the movement. 
They are not among the signers of Gale's Plan and Pros- 
pectus, though Eli may have been present at some of the 
preliminary meetings of the Society. But in the spring of 
1837 mev joined a covered wagon train to make the tedious 
journey overland. Eli was 33 and his wife 30 years old. 
The party consisted of five families: the Farnhams, Levi 
and Eliza Sanderson, Agrippa and Lovisa Martin, Junius 
and Abigail Prentice, and Floyd and Laura Buckingham. 
There were twelve small children, making the party 22 
souls. According to the diary, an Allen family joined the 
party at Bergen, New York (probably the Sheldon Aliens), 
but Martha Farnham Webster, daughter of Eli, says in her 
book, 'Seventy-Five Significant Years', there were but the 
five families named above. Some people named Wake- 



man also started with the caravan, but soon dropped out 
because one of their horses was taken ill. Apparently this 
family never reached Galesburg. The party left Tully 
May 15, and reached Log City June 22. 

Mrs. Farnham, the only matron without family cares, 
kept a sort of journal of the trek, jotting down each day 
the happenings that seemed significant, interspersed with 
pious meditation so characteristic of the time. This little 
book, presented to the Henry M. Seymour Library by the 
grand-daughter, Miss Bessie Loomis Hinckley, is paper 
bound, about 3x5 inches in size, and written in lead 
pencil. It has become almost illegible with the passage of 
years. In transcribing the diary I have added in paren- 
thesis my guess as to the names indicated by initials, and 
words that were either undecipherable or omitted. 

Eli Farnham was born in Pompey, N. Y. in 1803. After 
becoming of age, he went into business for himself, attend- 
ing to business during the summer and teaching school 
during the winter. In company with his brother-in-law 
he became proprietor of a carding and cloth-dressing estab- 
lishment in which he continued until his removal to 
Galesburg. In 1836 he became connected with the com- 
pany which was organized in central New York, "and the 
following spring, accompanied by his saintly wife whose 
heroic spirit was her heritage from a noble Puritan an- 
cestry, set out on the long journey". Mrs. Farnham who 
was Jerusha Brewster Loomis, was born in Andover, 
Connecticut, was educated at Andover Seminary, and 



having removed to New York State, taught school in Tully 
before her marriage in 1834. After becoming settled in her 
home "on the prairie", she gathered about her the small 
children of the neighborhood, and instructed them in much 
the same manner of the later "kindergarten". The New 
York State towns frequently mentioned in the diary with 
a touch of homesickness were all near together, Pompey, 
Tully and Manlius in Onondaga County, and Cazenovia 
just over the line in Madison County. These two counties 
adjoin Oneida County, and it is quite likely that the great 
adventure to be undertaken by the Gale colonists was 
known throughout the countryside. The Buckinghams, 
Sandersons and Martins were from Tully, friends and 
neighbors. The Prentices were from Augusta, Oneida 
County, and may or may not have known the rest of the 
party before setting out on the journey, but according to 
Jerusha's testimony, they all became good friends. 

In Galesburg Eli became a farmer, but was not averse 
to turning a hand at various jobs in that pioneer commu- 
nity, where each did what he could. He was the first 
teacher in a Galesburg public school, and in his memory 
the ward schoolhouse built on the apple orchard on his 
farm was named Farnham. The farm was on East Main 
Street, east of the Burlington tracks, and what is now 
Farnham Street was cut through it when the farm became 
part of the city of Galesburg. In her "Seventy-five Signi- 
ficant Years", Mrs. Webster says: "It is an interesting 
geographical fact, determined by later surveys, that on the 



eighty acre tract of the original survey which was pur- 
chased by Eli Farnham, lies the ridge which forms the 
water-shed between the two rivers. This tract is bounded 
on the east by Farnham Street. This street before the rail- 
road passed through Galesburg was a part of the main 
highway for overland travel from Chicago to the Missis- 
sippi river. Prof. Churchill used to tell his physical geo- 
graphy classes in Knox Academy that, "When the rain 
falls on Eli Farnham's farm in the east part of town, half 
the water runs toward the Mississippi river and half 
toward the Illinois". In 1845 he was elected a trustee of 
Knox College, and served until he died in 1882, acting 
as secretary of the board from 1866. An accident while 
lowering a cistern into place caused his death. 

Mr. and Mrs. Farnham had four children, Daniel Web- 
ster who settled in the West, Jerusha Brewster who married 
William S. Hinckley, Mary Judd, wife of Dr. George H. 
Perkins who for sixty-four years was a member of the 
faculty of the University of Vermont, and Martha Ward 
who became wife of Charles A. Webster of Galesburg. 
Of the rest of the party whose journey the diary records, 
Levi Sanderson was one of the first selectmen of the village; 
his son became the first mayor of the city, incorporated 
1857; his grandson, George Sanderson, was also mayor. 
Levi was landlord of the Galesburg House, pioneer hotel 
built by Hiram H. Kellogg, the first president of Knox 
College; later he opened a general store. Of his two chil- 
dren, Henry R. married Ann Dunn, one of the first three 



women to graduate from Knox Female Seminary, and 
their daughter, Julia Eliza, married Carlos Haven. The old 
Sanderson house on Broad Street was a familiar landmark 
for half a century. Here Abraham Lincoln was entertained 
at the time of the Lincoln-Douglas debate. The Martins 
had a daughter, Hannah, who married a man named 
Pond, and a son Charles, who was one of the first mis- 
sionaries educated at Knox College. On the death of his 
wife, he married Abigail Prentice, widow of his friend 
Junius Prentice. The Prentice children were Amanda, 
who married Levi Stanley, Avis, John, Gideon, Homer, 
Ralph, Junius. Ralph was for many years connected with 
one of the Galesburg newspapers. The Buckinghams had 
two children, Fand and Lewis. 

The itinerary followed by the Farnham caravan was 
from Cazenovia through Skaneateles, Auburn, Palmyra, 
Rochester, Bergen to Lewiston, on the Niagara River, 
where they were ferried across to Queenston, and crossed 
Ontario by way of Hamilton, Brantford, and London to 
Windsor; crossed the St. Croix River, and followed the 
old Sauk Trail from Detroit, through Dearbornville, 
Ypsilanti, Saline, Jonesville, Cold Water, Sturges Prairie, 
and White Pigeon into Indiana, through La Porte and 
Michigan City, crossing the Illinois line into Will County, 
through Joliet, Ottawa, Vermillionville, Hennepin, to 
Log City. 

Earnest Elmo Calkins 
New Yor\, May 1937. 




Front row: Daniel Webster Farnham, Eli Farnham, Jerusha 
• Loomis Farnham, Mary Ward Farnham. 

Bac\ row: Jerusha Brewster Farnham, Mary Judd Farnham. 


JVLaY 15, 1837, Monday 8 o'clock P. M., Temperance 
Tavern, Skaneateles. — We have now broken away (from) 
friends and homes and are now on the way to Illinois. 
We have had a very favorable start with Mr. B. (Bucking- 
ham) and S. (Sanderson). Messrs. Allen and Prentice 
will start on Wednesday and meet us at (Bergen). All in 
fine spirits. How I wish my dear parents, brothers and 
sisters could see us and know how happy we are. Are 
perfectly at home in a quiet house, but it is a temperance 
house. We have had supper, have attended prayer meet- 
ing and are about to retire to rest, but not without renewed 
obligations to our heavenly Father for his kind care and 

{Here several lines are illegible) twenty miles. 

Tuesday morning. — Started from Skaneateles, passed 
through Auburn to Seneca, 18 miles, where we were de- 



tained by a heavy rain until Wednesday morning, when 
we started off and rode to Vienna, from thence to Palmyra, 
and then to Macedon, 31 miles. Thursday morn went 
from Macedon through Pittsford to Penfield fifteen miles 
and are now at Mr. Northrup's; all well. 1 

Friday, 3 o'clock P.M. — Went to Rochester, 14 miles; 
Saturday morning from Rochester to Gates, Ogden, Chili, 
Bergen, 20 miles; stopped at Mr. Bissil's. Here we found 
brother Lucius Farnham and wife and sister Charlotte. 
Brother William has started for Illinois. 2 

How, Mother, you would like to be here with us at 
Mr. Bissil's, for they are the best sort of people, the very 
best of New England folks. Mrs. Bissil was Betsey Rudd, 
formerly from Coventry or Colton, and I think if father 
was here they could talk (for a long time) about old friends 
and affairs. 

May 23rd, Tuesday. — This morning we leave Mr. Bissil's 
and it is not probable that we shall find another such home 
in a long time. We leave them loaded with kindnesses. 
They have fitted us out nicely and if Providence smiles 
upon us, we may pursue our journey comfortably. Mrs. 
Bissil and Eli's mother were cousins. Messrs. Allen 3 and 
Prentiss have arrived with Mr. Wakeman and wife from 

J Mr. Northrup was brother-in-law of Eli Farnham. 

2 William Farnham, brother of Eli, located at Wataga, and lived there until 

his death. 

3 Martha Farnham Webster, who was Mrs. Farnham's daughter, says that the 

fifth family was Martin and not Allen. (See 'Seventy-five Significant Years'). 

There were two Aliens in the colony, Sheldon and Barber. It is impossible to 

decide now whether it was Allen or Martin, or both, and if Allen, which one. 

The Martin family is spoken of under June 22. 



Preble, who are to join the company, 24 in number, all 
in good health. 

Tuesday evening. — Have reached a comfortable lodg- 
ing for the night at Ridgeway, Oak Orchard Creek, 32 
miles from Bergen. 

Wednesday evening. — From Ridgeway through Port- 
land to Lewiston. 

May 25th, Thursday morning, 9 o'clock, Lewiston, on 
the banks of Niagara River. — We are now to bid adieu 
to the land of our home, — our nativity, — to the land of 
freedom, — for a while and cross over one of the noblest 
rivers of America in a horse boat propelled by horse power. 
Mr. Sanderson's wagons are now on and then we go. 
We first ascend the river a little so that the current (which 
is strong) shall not carry us down too far. 

We are now borne rapidly across and down the deep 
green whirling raging current, seemingly far too low for 
the point we wished to gain and now about the middle 
of the stream we strike the eddy, a current which moves 
in an opposite direction and now slowly and safely move 
up to the landing point. We are now at Queenston oppo- 
site Lewiston. The town is elevated a little above the 
river and Queenston heights, where the great battle was 
fought, stands a little above town, and on the heights in 
plain view of the town is erected a monument in memory 
of Gen. Brock, the British leader in that engagement who 
fell in the action. Thursday evening at Beamsville, 31 



miles to-day. We are at an excellent house with good 
accommodations and all in good health and spirits. 

May 26th, Friday morn. — We were obliged to leave one 
of our company this morning, an unpleasant circumstance, 
Mr. Wakeman from Preble. One of his horses has failed 
and we yesterday had an opportunity of rendering him 
assistance, for the men several times doubled teams and 
helped him up the hill. At length they took ofT the feeble 
horse a little (while). Lewis Buckingham lead him while 
Mr. Wakeman and Eli helped the others along with the 
load. Mr. Wakeman was anxious to fall in company with 
us and drove very hard two or three of the first days to 
overtake us, and is under the necessity of stopping to 
recruit his horse. 

Friday 12 o'clock, Stony Creek. — Here we dine. We 
should like to have our friends peep in upon us after we 
are all nicely seated at table, having separate dishes and 
exchanging around to accommodate each other. Friday 
evening have arrived at Ancaster after traveling through 
a beautiful country where we saw fine houses, farms, or- 
chards, fruit trees of various kinds, apples, pears, peaches, 
plums, cherries, chestnuts, walnuts, etc. Passed through 
Hamilton, a large and flourishing village at the head of 
Lake Ontario, and after ascending a high hill came in view 
of Lake Ontario not far from us bearing on its bosom 
floating vessels with sails all spread, 3254 miles to-day. 

May 27th, Saturday morn. — Mrs. Buckingham and my- 
self are now walking along some distance for we have a 



few miles of intolerable road, but we enjoy the walk very 
much indeed. 12 o'clock: now in Brantford and here we 
take our dinner; sometimes at dinner we make our coffee 
or tea, sometimes we take a little effervescing drink just 
as we happen to feel. Brantford is quite a village named 
for the celebrated Brant, who was one of the leaders of 
the Indians in the last war. We stopped today 8 miles 
west of Brantford between 3 and 4 P. M., having traveled 
twenty-two miles, to spend the Sabbath. We hear of hard 
times between here and Detroit. We shall know the truth 
when we get through here. We pay for the first time 
$1.00 per bu. for oats — hitherto we have obtained for 5 
and 6 shillings. Our Landlord is a musician and seems 
passionately fond (of) singing — and is very attentive to 
our wants and talks a great deal if it is not quite so cun- 
ning. Came from the States and was acquainted with 
Mr. & Mrs. B. (Buckingham) in the Black River Country, 

Sunday 28th, — How different the noise and bustle of a 
town from the quiet stillness of a sabbath morn at home. 
Our ears are not greeted with the sound of the church 
going bell. We are to have a Methodist meeting in a 
school house nearby at 5 o'clock. 

Monday morning, 7 o'clock. — Good morning, Fanny. 
Has Lewisa 4 got up yet and how are you both? Oh, I 

4 Fanny and Lewisa were daughters of Jerusha's sister, Mary, whose husband, 
Lewis, died before Lewisa was born. As Jerusha's first baby, Samuel Mills, 
had lived but a few days, Jerusha took Lewisa to bring up as her own child. 
When she determined to come to Illinois, she wanted to bring Lewisa with 
her, but the child's grandfather said, "No, the little sisters must not be 



should like to see you but we must wait a little while and 
I want you should be good little girls. We have now got 
our breakfast away and are ready to start. We generally 
get away about 7 o'clock. Monday evening: — We have 
had some very good road today and some very bad. Passed 
through Oxford, Ingersoll, and are now in Dorchester, 
having traveled 32 miles today. 

30th, Tuesday morn. — Mrs. B's (Buckingham's) family, 
Eli and myself, are in perfect health, likewise all the others 
excepting two or three of the children who have had bad 
colds. It is rather hard times along here, or at least pro- 
vision is scarce, but we all get along very well. Eli and 
myself got enough to last a good while. We have almost 
everything to eat that is necessary for our comfort. We 
have fine bread for a shilling a loaf, good butter for 1 shill- 
ing and 6 pence, good boiled ham, dried beef, applesauce, 
stewed currants, cheese, coffee, tea, beans, sometimes we 
can get pork and sometimes not. 12 o'clock at Westminster 
eating dinner. Some of our company are going another 
road to London, a few miles off the road, to find something 
to eat, but we choose to keep straight ahead as we have 
enough for the present. Delaware 7 o'clock. Our company 
have arrived and succeeded in getting what they wanted. 
I have put my beans soaking and Eli has just brought in 
a piece of pork from the grocery for 1 shilling 4 pence 
per pound to cook with my beans. 31 miles to-day. 

May 31st, Wednesday evening. — After traveling 28 miles, 
we have arrived at a log tavern and they have no hay for 



our horses so we must go a mile farther. The men have 
gone a few rods to a barn and are now coming each with 
a bundle of oat straw under his arm. They have bran in 
the wagons and are going to mix it with the straw when 
they get to the stopping place. I find the straw bundle 
not a very pleasant seat-mate, but 'tis only one mile so will 
be patient for the sake of giving the horses something to 
eat and they will like it very well I think after so hard 
day's work. Well, we have got to another log entertain- 
ment and are all glad to stop. Here for the first time the 
men find better accommodations in their wagons than 
they can get in the house. Here are three wagons full of 
movers from Plomer to stay to-night, none that I ever 
saw before. 

Thursday noon. — At a very comfortable tavern. This 
morning we arose, got breakfast and started off a little 
past Rwc o'clock. Had a most tedious road through woods 
thirteen miles long, but we got through without the least 
difficulty, but the steepest, muddiest hills, and the deepest 
largest holes I ever saw. We are now at Chatham having 
come 34 miles to-day. I have been thinking much about 
home to-day (for I must still call it home). I thought if 
little Lewisa was along she would take once in a while 
a jump, but oh how far the road is rough. I should like 
to carry her on my lap and this afternoon she might have 
walked with me on the banks of Thames river, a much 
larger one than you or Fanny ever saw, at Chatham. We 
crossed on a floating bridge. I might show you a great 



many wonders and listen to your innocent prattle. Oh, 
how pleasant it would be. I should like to know how all 
my dear friends in Cazenovia are. 5 How are your grand- 
mother's eyes and how do you get along with school? 
How is Grandpa and Grandma, Uncle Lathrop, Ward and 
Dwight and all the uncles, aunts and cousins? How is 
Aunt Martha ? Does she get along with the little children 
and the work this warm weather without making her sick ? 

June 2, Friday morn, 4 o'clock. — Arose in good health, 
having rested well; feel refreshed. We feel rather down 
hearted this morn. Today as we passed along we met a 
man carrying under his arm a coffin containing a corpse 
of a child two or three years old. Another man walking 
by his side. One or two of the horses are sick which it is 
probably in consequence of change in feed. It will be un- 
pleasant if we are detained, but 'tis not so bad as it might 
be. If one of the company were sick, it would be altogether 
worse. We will be thankful that it is as well with us as 
it is. 8 o'clock. The men think it will answer to move on 
slowly. The horses are better and we all feel better. When 
my friends come to Illinois, I hope they will not come 
through Canada. This evening we came to a tavern which 
being small and very full could not accommodate us, and 
we were the necessity of going back half a mile to a private 
house and all camp down together on the floor. All in 
perfect health. 28 miles today. 

5 Mrs. Farnham's parents and brothers and sisters lived in Cazenovia, N. Y. 


June 3rd, Saturday 3 o'clock P. M— This moment in 
steamboat crossing Detroit River from Sandwich Windsor 
to Detroit City. The women and children are all on board 
two of the wagons. The wind is high, the river very 
rough indeed. The boat rocks some but I suffer none 
from fear. We feel that the ever ruling hand of Providence 
direct the wind and the waves and also the steps of man. 
The bell rings, it is the signal for something respecting 
the management of the boat. It generally crosses in about 
five minutes. We are now ten minutes since we started 
from the Canada shore. Now the boat has stopped and 
now we step on shore and here we are in a public house 
in Detroit on the west side Detroit River in Michigan, and 
I assure you I am not sorry we have got through Canada, 
although we have passed along without any difficulty 
through bad roads and among different kinds of people. 
We have fared much better than I expected. 24 miles to- 
day. I have taken several long walks upon the beach of 
Lake St. Clair. If little Lewisa was along, how pleasant 
it would be to us to lead her and talk to her about a great 
many things and answer all her questions. We would 
show her a little canoe, managed by the child of a dozen 
years. Yonder is a scow, there is a sloop and here a schooner 
with her white floating canvass, and there, look yonder, 
is a steam boat just started out from Detroit, moving at a 
rapid speed. We might stop once in a while and pick up 
pebbles and shells and now the refulgent rays of the set- 



ting sun are reflected upon the calm smooth surface of its 
deep green waters. 

June 4th, Sabbath, Greenfield, Wayne Co., Michigan. — 
This is the fourth Sabbath since I left my dear father's 
house and the last Sabbath I was there we all attended 
church and were seated all together around the table of 
the Lord to commemorate his dying love. How pleasant 
the recollection! But it is very different to-day. We are 
in a public house, no meeting near us, a day of confusion, 
not much regard to the Sabbath. 

June 5th, Monday morn. — At Dearbornville 6 passed the 
United States arsenal, beautiful building of brick. Oh, 
how strong our obligations to our heavenly Father for all 
his goodness to us. We all enjoy health and comfort and 
are permitted to pursue our journey. Monday evening. — 
At a public house in Ypsilanti; 24 miles to-day. In a snug 
little room quite retired and I enjoy it very much indeed. 
Oh, how my obligations to God increase and strengthen 
and Alas! what poor returns I make, how ungrateful, how 
cold and stupid. I would renew my resolutions to live 
entirely devoted to the service of God and may God's spirit 
rest upon us, and my dear father and mother, brothers and 
sisters and the dear little fatherless children. If I could 
see grandmother to-night, I could say a great many things 
and tell of such things that might not be so interesting, but 
I should like to sit down close by her side and talk over 
the scenes we have passed through and speak of God's 

6 Now Dearborn, site of Henry Ford's great automobile factory and his Pioneer 



merciful care ever. May we all this night repose under 
the protection of our heavenly Father. 

June 6th, Tuesday evening. — About i o'clock stopped 
at a public house in Saline. Mrs. B. (Buckingham) provi- 
dentially found an uncle and stopped to see him. A severe 
thunderstorm arose attended with heavy wind. We felt in 
iminent danger for a few moments. The house we were 
in was a mere shell and shook over our heads, trees were 
prostrated and boards flying around, but we were all merci- 
fully preserved amid the flashing of lightning and the 
"warring of the elements without." We tarried here 
through the day until the next morning. 15 miles from 
Ypsilanti, a flourishing village. Mrs. B. (Buckingham) 
says how good it seems to travel along here. It seems some- 
what like home, and the people look so different from the 
Canadians and all along the little log houses look so snug 
and comfortable and cleanly. To-day as we came along 
we saw a great many trees that had been broken down by 
the wind, and if Mrs. Sanderson had been usually well, 
we might have been along here just at the time of the 
storm and suffered extremely, but we were providentially 
detained for which kind preservation we are under re- 
newed obligations to God. 

June 7th, Wednesday evening, Wheatland, Hillsdale Co. 
Passed through Clinton, Manchester, Woodstock; 24 miles 
to-day. Woodstock! says Mary, well how did it look? It 
was a pleasant little place and as we passed it on our left 
a little off from the road a beautiful little lake skirted with 



handsome trees and flocks of poultry sailing upon its sur- 
face. It occurred to me that sister M. would like to see 
this place, and pick wintergreens or pull sassafras roots; 
but (there) is no church here and we have seen but one 
since we came from Detroit. Walk with me along these 
woods which are strewed on each side with beautiful wild 
flowers of almost every description. The roads along here 
are full of movers to the West and little quails trotting 
along in the road. 

June 8th, Thursday morn. — Quite unwell this morning. 
Started about 7 o'clock, passed through Quincy, Jonesville 
to Cold Water 35 miles. The country around this is beauti- 
ful, the face of the country very even and handsome, the 
commencement of the great prairie region. Farms are 
handsome and houses clean and snug. 

Thursday evening, Cold Water. — Here we are all 
turned in once more to tarry for a night; all comfortable. 
I feel now nearly as well as ever in my life, and one day 
nearer the end of our journey and nearer the close of life. 
Our landlord is a fine man from Salina, Onondaga Co. 
N. Y. This is a very pleasant village and here they are 
building a church and it seems very much like our home 
for we have learned to be acquainted with every sort of 
people as soon as we see them. 35 miles. 

June 9th, Friday evening. — From Cold Water to Bron- 
son's Prairie, Hog Creek; (this is a doleful looking place) 
to Sturges prairie, this is the most beautiful country we 
have yet seen. At Sherman, St. Joseph's Co. we stop till 



morning. 32 miles to-day. Eli is unwell to-day, but I hope 
he will be better tomorrow. Another sick horse to-night, 
Mr. Prentise's. 

10th, Saturday morning. — Eli is better this morning, the 
teams all well, and on we go to White Pigeon, named from 
a celebrated Indian Chief. This is a most delightful prairie 
place, a large village, good new church, school houses and 
here are most beautiful roads, fine gardens, peas in blos- 
som, wheat headed out. Not a bushel of grain of any kind 
to be sold at any store in this village. We even happened 
to find a few oats for ten shillings per bushel. Butter 2 
shillings per pound. Mottsville Temperance house 12 
o'clock. Here we stop and take our dinner. Landlord 
from Utica, one year since. We're all in good health. 

June 10th, Saturday evening, Adamsville, Cass Co. — 
Here we find a good home to spend the Sabbath. It is 
indeed a good place, a large house though not finished, 
but very clean and airy. The landlady is a very kind 
woman who is a widow. She has an interesting family of 
children; moved into the place one year last spring and 
have got a fine start. Oh ! How pleasant to think that we 
have the prospect of a quiet Sabbath. 26 miles to-day. 

June nth. — A prayer meeting to-day a few rods from 
this place, but I stay at home and keep my room for it is 
the most quiet place I can find. There is but little regard 
for the Sabbath in some parts of this country. I feel im- 
patient to get where we may be settled and feel at home 



and enjoy the blessings of the Sabbath and the privileges 
of God's house. 

June 1 2th, Monday. — All in health again this morning 
and in circumstances to pursue our journey. Started from 
Adamsville, passed through Edwardsville, Bertrand. At 
Bertrand we crossed the river St. Joseph and picked straw- 
berries and winter greens along (the way) and Eli pulls 
occasionally a root of sassafras. Oak shrubs, whortle-berries 
and hazel bushes, all along here bring to mind my childish 
years when brother Lathrop and myself have repaired to 
the lots and filled our baskets with nuts or berries and 
trotted home to show our dexterity. Oh those were happy 
days and there is pleasure in recollecting them. Oh how 
much we have enjoyed and how much we have been 
blessed in the attentions of and instructions of the best of 
parents. I hope we shall always be grateful. We have 
traveled 30 miles today and are now in Hudson, LaPorte 
Co. Indiana. Have stopped at a public house on the banks 
of a handsome little lake to stay all night. Mr. Sanderson's 
(family) have stopped a few miles back to stay with Mr. 
Hubbard's family. Mr. H. is brother of our neighbor in 
Cazenovia and owns a fine farm in a good situation. 

Tuesday 13th. — How thankful we ought to be that we 
are all in good health and permitted to go on. Passed 
through LaPorte to New Durham, 22 miles today, and 
here we stop at a private house where we shall be com- 
fortable. Eli left us to-day to go to Michigan City a few 
miles off the road. We expect to meet him again tomorrow. 



It is remarkable that so large a company have come so far 
together without any serious sickness or anything to detain 
us, it should excite in us emotions of gratitude and love to 
our heavenly protector for all his merciful care over us. 
We have escaped many dangers, seen and unseen, which 
we should remember with thankfulness. 

14th, Wednesday, Lake Co. — Here we have met Eli 
who has been to Michigan City and accomplished his 
business. There he found a letter from brother William 
who has gone over to Knox Co. We have come 27 miles 

15th, Thursday, Lake Co. — This part of the country is 
settled chiefly by Vermonters. It has been cold to-day, and 
we have warm cloaks, should not have been comfortable 
without them. We have been very fortunate indeed. Have 
passed along without accident which is remarkable con- 
sidering the number of small children. Mrs. Prentiss has 
four little ones. To-day when we had stopped at noon and 
just about to start, little Charles Prentiss unfortunately cut 
off two of his toes. Now I suppose my friends will imagine 
that of course I fainted, but no, I did not. We bound it up 
nicely with loaf sugar and catnip, wetting it thoroughly 
with paregoric at first and keeping it wet with spirits and 
started off again. He rode along comfortably. Once this 
afternoon Mr. Prentiss got stuck in the mud, the first oc- 
currence of the kind among the whole of us, but he got 
out without difficulty. Tonight we have stopped here in 
Will Co. Illinois and all fix ourselves down as comfortably 



as we can in one room of a little log house. Now it seems 
as though we were almost to the end of our journey, for we 
are in Illinois. Have only to travel about three fourths of 
the distance across another state. 32 miles to-day. 

Friday noon. — Have just called at Mr. Roberts and dined. 
Saw Mr. and Mrs. R. (Roberts), Mrs. Jackson, Harriet and 
Jane. Giles I did not see, he is now in town with his wife 
who was a Manlius girl. He was married in Ottawa where 
he resides. I had a good visit with the old lady. We talked 
every moment for nearly two hours. She made a great 
many inquiries respecting our friends and here informed 
us of the death of Mrs. Read of Oswego. Mrs. J. (Jackson) 
is very much pleased with this country, says she is healthy, 
contented and happy. Wished that Doct. B. would come 
and look and the Esquire; pities poor James who has to 
tug and tug after all his toil last year, has to buy all his 
bread. She says, 'Oh I wish I could once more sit down 
with your mother and take a pinch of snuff. She appears 
just as she used to. 

16th. — Having arisen from our soft bed on a hewn floor 
(which was the only one a lone dwelling on a prairie 
afforded us) we proceeded on through a beautiful prairie 
country — considerably rolling and diversified, presenting 
occasionally the appearance of an old settled country as 
far as plough fields and herds of cattle are concerned, 
although the oldest settlers have not been here more than 
3 or 4 years, until we arrived at Joliet, forded Joliet river, 
15 miles from where we stayed. This is a beautiful village 



situated on Joliet river near its junction with the Illinois. 
On one side of the river is a level dry prairie, but a little 
above the river and on the other side the town stands on an 
elevated plain. Also Prairie of moderate extent skirted 
with oak groves which gave it a neat and delightful ap- 
pearance. On leaving Joliet about a mile out of town we 
came to Mt. Joliet whose name we have so often seen on 
the map. But do not picture to yourself a huge rugged 
elevation of land whose top reaches to the skies, but a 
beautiful oblong mound rising in the midst of a prairie to 
an elevation of perhaps 150 ft. with gradually sloping sides 
so true and nice that one might think it the workmanship 
of Irish hill makers or of some other nation as ingenious 
with a spade as they and who have long since passed away 
from the view of mortal eyes, and the top of which is table 
land as level as a house floor, affording a fine prospect of 
the valley of the Illinois and the surrounding country 
which is beautiful indeed. Several of our company who 
ascended the top thought it might contain 20 acres and 
be a delightsome seat for a summer residence of a gentle- 
man of 100 or two thousands. 

16th, Friday night, Dresden, LaSalle Co. — 28 miles to- 
day. Our ride now lies along the valley of the (Illinois 
River) to Ottawa and Hennepin and the handsomest 
country I ever saw. It consists of Prairie interspersed with 
small groves of oak openings almost wholly uninhabited 
and wants only the touch of the strong hand of cultivation 
to render it as pleasant as heart could wish. 



17th, Saturday night, at Ottawa. — Our friends probably 
suppose we are in Knox by this time, for we have been 
five weeks on the road, and have been favored with fine 
weather and the roads have been altogether better than 
they could have been in a wet rainy time, and we have 
not been detained by sickness or accident, but we expect 
to travel about 3 days longer before we arrive there, and 
it seems to us but a very short time compared with d\t 
weeks. 35 miles to-day. 

1 8th, Sunday. — We spent the Sabbath in Ottawa. How 
little we know of the state of society or the morals of the 
people by what we see at public houses. They are the re- 
sort of the vulgar, the filthy and profane and if we should 
take our impressions of the state of public morals from 
what we there observe, they would almost always be un- 
favorable. Here we attended church and had the satis- 
faction of seeing a good congregation assembled, having 
the appearance of cleanliness, intelligence and good breed- 
ing and of listening to a sermon that would have interested 
an audience in any of our eastern cities or villages. From 
want of lumber of the right kind, the villages of this 
country do not possess the neatness of our eastern states, 
but considering the newness of the country, Joliet and 
Ottawa have been remarkably thriving towns and from 
their location will probably be places of considerable im- 
portance. The Illinois and Michigan canal will pass 
through these places. This a work of great magnitude 
and is now in state of construction. It is to be 60 ft. wide 



and 6 ft. (deep) and for a distance of 30 m. they will have 
to excavate 18 ft. deep through limestone rock. 

19th, Monday. — From Ottawa to Vermillionville ; forded 
Vermillion river. Arrived at Hennepin; put up for the 
night. 35 miles to-day. 

20th, Tuesday. — At Hennepin we ferried across the 
Illinois river, a rainy cold morning and we shall not 
probably get through as soon (as) we expected yesterday. 
Started off about 9 o'clock, passed through Boydgrove to 
Spoon river timber, a beautiful place indeed. We have 
stopped at Mr. Hulligate's and it begins to seem a little 
like home here. They are first rate farmers here and have 
got everything very comfortable indeed. Eli has just come 
in with a fine pan of strawberries and now for the milk. 
27 miles to-day. 

2 1 st, Wednesday. — All in good health and fine spirits. 
The weather warm and pleasant and if prospered, we may 
get through tonight. I wish ever to feel my obligations to 
God for his kind care and protection over us through this 
long, tedious journey. Oh how grateful should we be 
for all the blessings we have received, for health and all 
the comforts we have enjoyed. How are my dear friends 
at home. How is my dear little Lewisa ? Oh is she well, 
is she a good litle girl, does she do what is just right; does 
she and her little sister love and comfort their dear mother, 
are they always pleasant and kind to each other and to 
their dear grandparents, uncles and aunts? They will be 
good, they will do good and then they will be happy. 



Evening. — We are now at Mr. Roundtree's at Henderson 
Grove about 2 miles from the colony having come 36 
miles to-day. 

June 22, Thursday morn. — Arose quite early, all well. 
Started off for the colony, Mr. Sanderson went through 
last night. At nine o'clock we find ourselves on the colony 
ground, met A. Tuttle right in the road before we stopped. 
He appears in good spirits, says he feels well. Mr. Martin's 7 
have not arrived. Hannah feels some anxiety about them, 
but we hope they will come in due time, preserved by the 
goodness of God. Dined at Mr. Gale's. Mr. G. has not yet 
left the grove 8 but has a house almost ready on the prairie 
and expects to move into it soon. Several houses here at 
the grove will be vacated soon and then those who have 
just come on will be accommodated. For the present we 
have to scatter about in the different families. Eli and 
myself are well accommodated in a fine family, until we 
can hire a house, as we cannot build at present. 

23rd, Friday. — Female prayer meeting to-day. Mr. Buck- 
ingham has a cousin at Knoxville where he has taken his 
family and will probably remain there a few days. 

24th, Saturday.— Church conference meeting to-day, and 
a meeting of the session for business at the close. Mr. 
Martin has arrived with his family all in safety, another 
cause for gratitude. 

7 The only allusion to the Martins, and the expression used does not make it 
clear whether they were in the original party or not. 

8 'Grove\ Henderson Grove, used in referring to Log City, as 'the Prairie' 
designates the village of Galesburg or farms around it. 



25th, Sunday. — Attended church. Found a large and 
respectable congregation, heard good preaching from Mr. 
Gale. A meeting of the society to consult upon hiring 
Mr. Gale as a regular preacher, is appointed for tomorrow 
evening, also an anti-slavery prayer meeting. Wednesday 
evening meeting; Church conference on Saturday. We are 
very near the house occupied for schools and meetings and 
find it convenient to attend the meetings. 

27th, Tuesday. — Commenced writing to my friends. 
Mrs. Lyman one of the boat company who came on last 
summer, and whose husband died a short time after their 
arrival, called and I thought, Oh how different is the story 
of my first letter to my friends, from the intelligence which 
the friends of this poor afflicted woman first received from 
her; it is altogether different. My life and health are pre- 
served, my dear husband is spared in health, while she who 
had thought she could endure any trial while a tender 
companion was permitted to remain, is called to mourn 
his loss in a land of strangers. But how soon and sudden 
an entire change in my condition and prospect may take 
place, I know not. I wish to be prepared for the afflictions 
and trials that await me. While conversing with Mrs. L. 
(Lyman) I could not help thinking of my dear sister 
Mary. I thought if she were here she could sympathize 
more deeply with her than it is possible for me who has 
never experienced the same can do. 



July 4th. — (Sent to Cazenovia) 9 Today we have attended 
an interesting meeting, listened to appropriate remarks by 
Mr. Gale, after which an anti-slavery society was formed 
auxiliary to the American anti-slavery society. One of the 
resolutions adopted was that the amount of one hundred 
dollars be raised this year for the benefit of the anti-slavery 

6th, Thursday. — My dear husband has returned from 
Peoria where he has been after some goods. 10 (They have 
sustained), no injury and we are glad to get them for they 
make us think of home. Don't understand that we haven't 
thought much about it before, but they remind us of many 
little things. 

9th, Sabbath. — Communion season. Having been de- 
ferred the preceding Sabbath on account of bad weather, 
Mr. Gilbert and wife from Troy, Mr. Holyoke and wife 
and Miss Boots from Cincinnati, E. G. (Gilbert ?) and 
wife were received to the fellowship of the church, having 
previously presented letters to the session and been ex- 
amined, as it is here customary, and is undoubtedly a good 

9 This probably refers to mail. 

10 Probably refers to household goods shipped by water from New York City 
before leaving the east. They went by canal from Tully to New York, by ship 
to New Orleans, and by river steamboat up the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers 
to Peoria. Bessie Hinckley has now in her possession a large chest of drawers 
with glass knobs, a very handsome drop-leafed table made from the heart of 
the cherry, and a small sewing stand also with glass knobs, all of which were 
sent from New York State at this time. There was also a set of dishes, but 
these met with a serious mishap when the improvised "china cabinet" (made 
of a dry goods box) fell to the floor, breaking nearly all of the dishes. Miss 
Hinckley still has one piece of this set. 



custom, as people have come in here from different parts, 
it will tend to acquaint them with each other. 

ioth, Monday. — Have today been with Miss Ann L. 
(Lyman?), Mrs. Prentiss' sister, to Knoxville to see Mrs. 
Buckingham. She feels somewhat down hearted because 
she is not in the colony here with her old neighbors where 
she expected to be, as Mr. B. thinks he can do better than 
to settle here. We hope, however, that for the sake of the 
welfare of his family, he will yet come on to the colony. 
I inquired of Mrs. B. how she found her (crockery). Oh, 
said she, 'poor little things, when I took them out of the 
chest they looked so lonesome, I wanted to send them back 
to New York State where they came from/ You know 
when they were packed we were together and talked about 
our journey and about a great many things. We spoke of 
the uncertainty of life and health. 

13th, July. — Thirteen years today since the death of one 
little sister, Amanda. 

July 21st. — Have just received a paper from brother 
Lathrop. How good to see anything that has come from 
my dear friends. The paper noticed the death of Mrs. 
Blake of Syracuse who left a bright hope of a glorious 
immortality. Mrs. B. (Buckingham) has come up from 
Knoxville to spend the Sabbath. 

July 25th. — A. Tuttle starts to-day for the east and we 
have loaded his pockets with letters. 

July 27th. — Moved to Mrs. Lyman's and here we have 
a comfortable little home for the present. Mrs. L. is a 



widow and deeply feels the loss of an affectionate husband, 
her children four in number (one in New York) have 
been deprived of their guide and counsellor and have no 
father to break the storms of life. Mr. Lyman died last 
Nov. soon after he came into the colony. Was among the 
unfortunate boat company. Oh, how often I think of my 
dear sister Mary when I see and converse with Mrs. L. 
Have received a paper from C. Jerome; says he has seen 
our friends at C. (Cazenovia) ; all well. 

Aug. 2nd. — A letter from M. Jerome, stating that her 
father's family had been sick. She had been to my father's 
a few days before. All well. How much it comforts me to 
hear from my dear friends. I now feel impatient for a 
letter from C. (Cazenovia). 

Aug. ioth. — My mother's birthday, aged 58. A day of 
fasting and prayer. Arose and went to prayer meeting at 
sunrise, a good meeting. At ten o'clock religious exercises 
again at the school house. The time was occupied in prayer 
and confession by the members of the church. All seemed 
to feel that they had departed far from God and had be- 
come cold and inactive in God's service; had lost that 
degree of spirituality which they once possessed, expressed 
their desire and resolutions to live better, more consistent 
lives. In the afternoon and evening meetings were full 
and interesting. 

Aug. nth. — Maternal meeting this afternoon. Here is 
an interesting society of females and hope to be benefited 



by being associated with them. There are in this neigh- 
borhood two female prayer meetings, one the married 
and one for unmarried ladies, a maternal association and 
sewing society. 

12th, Saturday. — Went with Miss S.D.S. (Skinner?) to 
Knoxville. Called at Mr. Buckingham's. Had a pleasant 
little visit. Returned in time to attend the evening prayer 

13th, Sabbath. — Sermon by Mr. Gale this forenoon, to 
parents. Text: Train up a child in the way he should go 
and when he is old he will not depart from it/ 

17th, Thursday. — Received today four numbers of the 
Advocate 11 from sister Martha. I've unfolded them all, 
looked them over carefully to see if I can discover any 
marks of her fingers, and notice several, one in particular 
entitled "How it strikes a stranger." What a piece that is ! 
When I read it, it seemed to fairly make my blood chill, 
and then I thought I should like to know just what was 
said among my friends there at home when it was read 
over, as I pictured to myself after Mary had returned from 
school, that she had taken the paper and sat down beside 
mother and Martha to read aloud, while Fanny and 
Lewisa were prattling around. Well, we must have a 
moral Reform Society 12 here in Galesburg. The Advocate 

X1 A publication devoted to the rescue of fallen women. 

12 The Moral Reform Society was actually organized. The minutes of its meet- 
ings are in the Galesburg Public Library. Its activities apparendy consisted of 
reading aloud the case histories of prostitutes and sending money to the parent 
society for their reform. 



is taken by but two or three. There seems to be but little 
interest felt as yet. 

20th, Sabbath. — Deprived of preaching to-day. Mr. Gale 
was detained to-day in consequence of Mrs. Gale's illness. 
Last night watched with Mrs. Gale who is very sick. Miss 
Skinner was with me. Mrs. G. (Gale) has a fine healthy 
son three weeks old. Mr. Gale employed Mr. Martin to 
work his farm and they occupy one part of Mr. Gale's 
house (on the prairie). Mrs. Martin and Hannah super- 
intend the affairs of Mr. Gale's family, receive each one 
dollar per week and Mr. M. (Martin) $20 per month. 
Afternoon-attended female meeting and this evening have 
just received a letter from Cazenovia, first since I left them. 
O-o-o-h. Oh! how good it is! Just at night Mrs. L. and I 
walked down through the grove to the saw mill which 
is building (there are two others in town) where Eli 
among others is at work, and we met him coming home 
from his work. So soon as he met us he took from his hat a 
letter; the seal was immediately broken, but it soon grew 
so dark that we could not read much out of doors, so we 
went in and I need not say that we spent the evening , 
pleasantly. No one knows but those who feel, how good 
it is to have letters from those we love and little Lewisa, 
Oh, how I wanted to get hold of her and kiss her and 
besides that, it cost me some tears too. 

27th, Sabbath. — Mrs. Gale preached to-day to the chil- 
dren from the fifth commandment, 'Honor thy father 
and thy mother'; an excellent sermon. Mr. and Mrs. B. 



(Buckingham) came yesterday to spend the Sabbath and 
the letter was a great treat to them. Mr. Buck, says after 
I had read Lewisa's letter, that is just the way she talks, 
exactly, and so I thought. Mrs. B. has received a letter from 
Helena. She says she has been sick, but has recovered. 
George is now sick, his disease is liver complaint. The 
others are all well. 

28th, Monday. — Have regaled richly upon watermellons 
and muskmellons, of which we have the largest and richest 
I ever saw, muskmellons as long as Lewissa's frock and 
larger around than her head. This morning Eli started 
off with one of our neighbors, Mr. Avery, to Oquawka 
(Yellow banks), 30 miles, for a load of salt for our mer- 
chant. Expect him here tomorrow. Eli does most anything 
that comes to hand, sometimes he breaks prairie, sometimes 
harvests grain or mows, or digs stone, or digs wells or 
cellars. He stands to work out better than we expected. 
I am now alone with Mrs. L.'s (Lyman's) children for 
Mrs. L. is at Mrs. Gales. Received a paper from C. Jerome. 
Today Mr. Buckingham is moving up to the colony. 

31st, Thursday night. — Watching with Mrs. HambHn 
at Mr. Gale's. These are the last hours of summer. Oh, 
how short it has been. The first part of it was spent in 
journeying to this place and the rest of it so full of cares 
that it too passed away very rapidly indeed and then all 
our time passes, soon we shall be in eternity. Oh, how 
solemn the thought. 



Sept. i st, Friday. — Little unwell to-day after watching. 
Attended female prayer meeting to-day. Heard of the 
dangerous illness of Mrs. (Burnett) 13 , who are the former 
inhabitants of this place, about one mile distant. Resolved 
to visit her tomorrow if circumstances permit. 

Sept. 2nd, Saturday. — Preparatory lists several who have 
arrived since our last communion. Were examined before 
the church and session (according to custom) after pre- 
senting letters. 

Sept. 3rd, Sabbath. — This day has been indeed a precious 
one. How evidently the goodness of God has been mani- 
fested to-day ! He has permitted his children to sit around 
the table of their Redeemer and refresh their memories 
with scenes of his dying sufferings. I hope it will prove 
to have been a profitable occasion to all. The persons 
examined yesterday were received this afternoon. They 
were Mr. Martin and wife and daughter, Mr. Buckingham 
and wife and Mr. Sanderson and wife, Mrs. Prentiss and 
her sister, with several others, in number about 20. Two 
children were baptized, Mr. West's and Prentiss'. It was 
a good time. There seemed to be a general feeling of 
solemnity upon the mind of all present. After the articles 
of faith and covenant are read and assented to by the 
candidates, the members of the church arise and acknowl- 
edge their covenant with the individuals, which renders it 
very solemn and interesting. Mr. Gale's remarks were very 
interesting and instructive and in the very midst of them 

13 'Former inhabitants of this place', that is, the southern settlers or 'Hoosiers'. 



(Oh how thoughts wander) I was in a moment back to 
Caz. (Cazenovia) in that dear pew where I have so often 
been seated with my dear parents, brothers and sisters 
and I thought this is just the time, when if my friends are 
in health, they are now in the same dear spot, engaged 
in the same solemn service, listening the instructions of 
Mr. B. Perhaps they are all at meeting to-day, if well. The 
little girls too, are there. Fanny by the side of Aunt Martha 
and Lewissa by her mother. Oh, that dear child, how I do 
want to see her, but I suppose her mother needs her most, 
so I must not think too much about it, but will think of 
her as a good child and growing up in the fear of the 
Lord, obeying His commandments, and then, Oh how 
great the consolation which she and her sister may be 
the means of conferring upon their mother. 

4th, Monday P.M. — Mr. Theodore Clark of Pompey, 
son of Mr. Thaddeus Clark, called and made us a visit. 
He spent some time with our friends in Mexico just before 
he left New York, about the 22nd of July. This (is) brother 
Ward's 14 birthday; he is now 21 years of age. I would 
like to see him to-night and know how he gets along 
with his study. 

7th, Thursday. — This is washing day for this week. As 
we've no cistern and no well very near, we wash just as 
it happens. Eli has just brought in some corn and beans 
now. We'll make the succotash. 

14 Ward Loomis, one of the brothers, was for many years a missionary in China. 



8th, Friday. — Have just been out with Dave and Anna 
Skinner in the grove to gather wild plums. We have 
plums that are juicy. Good, though not quite as good as 
the damson and egg plum. 

9th, Saturday. — Brother William has just arrived from 
Chicago. We've long been expecting him. He is in good 
health and likes the country. Mr. Wilcox from Manlius 
came with him and spends the Sabbath. 

nth, Monday eve. — Went to singing school. Heard that 
Mrs. Buckingham was sick and went over to see her. Five 
families in one house. Mr. Buckingham, Sanderson, Pren- 
tiss 15 , and Allen. 

15th, Friday. — Eli is unwell to-day and I am working. 
Mrs. B. (Buckingham) is quite sick to-day. Summer com- 
plaint is prevalent among us. Eli brought in a piece of 
good mutton and mutton broth will be very nice. We 
have just received two Advocates from sister Martha and 
intelligence of the death of cousin Sabra Brewster of 
Mexico. Oh, how uncertain are all things here below. 

17th, Sunday. — This has been a sick day. Unable to 
attend meeting. Better this evening. A. Skinner called 
and stayed a few moments. How good to have friends 
who care for us when in distress. 

1 8th, Monday. — Much better to-day. 

20th, Wednesday evening. — Attended prayer meeting 
this evening. Very few there. 

1 •''Prentiss, also spelled Prentice. 



2 1 st, Thursday eve. — Attended singing school. Very few 
there. The first school. 

Friday P. M. Alone this afternoon. Mrs. L. (Lyman) 
has gone to maternal meeting. 

23rd, Saturday. — Have the toothache to-day. Eli and 
William are at work in haying. I have been out among 
the bushes and small sumac trees gathering hops and hazel 
nuts. Nothing so much reminds me of childhood as this. 
I remember how we little children all went out and gath- 
ered sumacs, and that they were spread to dry in the 
chamber of that great old house and one cold frosty 
morning, just at dawn of day, my dear father mounted 
the wagon, piled up high with sumacs, and started off 
for Hartford. 

Saturday eve, 8 o'clock. — Have just received a Monitor 
from brother L. (Lathrop) and an Advocate from sister 

24th, Sabbath. — Warm and pleasant to-day. 

25th, Monday. — Rainy, cold and unpleasant. Eli and 
William are bottoming chairs and scraping broomcorn. 
Broomcorn grows very nice here. 16 Went to St. Louis. 

28th, Thursday. — A fine, clear, warm day. Have been 
looking over some things that came from Caz., and in a 
basket of stocking yarn, found some withered apples. 

16 The manufacture of brooms became a leading industry of Galesburg, and 
also flourished under the auspices of Knox Manual Labor College. A. Boyer, a 
blind man, built up a large business. Some broomcorn is still raised in the 



These were kindly furnished by Aunt Luna. Oh, I should 
like to see her and all the rest of my dear friends in C. 

29th, Friday. — Another rainy day. 

30th, Saturday. — Rainy. Eli has gone to Knoxville 
training 17 ; brother William is mudding up the cracks be- 
tween the logs so as to make it warmer and I am making 
pumpkin pies. If sister Martha will just cut her pumpkin 
in two, put it in the stove oven and bake it soft, then scrape 
out pumpkin from the hard skin, it will be much nicer and 
richer for pies than when stewed in a pot. 

Saturday eve. — E. (Eli) has returned from Knoxville 
and brought me a paper from cousin Emily. It proves to 
be the same number of the Monitor which brother L. 
sent last week. It is very pleasant to hear from C. (Caze- 
novia) often. 

Oct. 1 st, Sabbath. — Rainy. This afternoon a severe 
thunder storm. Full meeting. 

2nd, Monday. — A little rainy today. 

Tuesday, — Rainy 

4th, Wednesday. — Rainy. 

5th, Thursday. — Clear and pleasant. Last night we were 
awakened by the roaring thunder. We had a heavy shower 
of rain attended with severe thunder and lightning. 

Friday. — A fine pleasant day. 

17 With the militia. 



7th, Saturday. — Warm and pleasant. Eli and William 
have gone up on the farm mowing grass. I have a severe 
headache to-day. 

8th, Sunday. — Took medicine last night and am much 
better to-day. Spent the day at home alone. Mr. Sanderson 
received a letter from Pompey (Pah or Pab) last night, 
noticing the death of Mr. S. Winegar, the father of Eliza 
Winegar. 18 

12th, Thursday. — This is a cold, rainy day. Eli and 
William are digging a place under our floor for a cellar 
and cutting up beef and it is as much as we can do to get 
around in our little room, and indeed, it would require a 
person of liberal education to move around very gracefully 
among all the things that stand about the floor to-day. 

Oct. 13th, Friday morn. — Clear and cold. A hard frost 
this morning; rain water that stands in my brass kettle 
and tub are frozen over. We think vines will now wither. 
The cucumber and pumpkin vines have hitherto appeared 
green and fresh in blossom. Evening — Have made 21 doz. 
of candles to-day. Mrs. Buckingham and Jane (Bucking- 
ham) and Miss Skinner called and spent the evening. 
The candles which we brought from Cazenovia are just 

1 gth y Thursday. — Rainy, muddy, unpleasant weather, 
though quite warm. The men all in the house; favored 
with the company of Mr. Clark from Pompey, of whom 

18 No doubt the family of Mrs. Olmstead Ferris, who was Concurrance Ann 



I spoke some time since. He is at present out of business 
and makes his home at our house, little as it is. He is 
to-day scraping broomcorn, making brooms. William is 
bottoming chairs with flags, which makes them very nice. 
We came here without any chairs. (Mrs. Graves has my 
little rocking chair, because we could not bring it). Mrs. 
Lyman had several frames which our folks have put to- 
gether and are putting in seats and we shall be accommo- 
dated very well. Eli is here and there and I am making 
mince pies. 

Oct. 25th. — Have just received two papers from C. 
Jerome, Hamilton College, and one from cousin Silas 
Brewster, containing an obituary notice of the death of 
cousin Sofia Brewster. And is she gone? Yes, gone from 
this world of sin and sorrow, of pain and trouble, and as 
we hope, gone to be forever with the Lord. I am very 
anxious to hear from my friends the particulars respecting 
her sickness and death. Today a few flakes of snow have 
fallen, the first we have had. 

Oct. 26th, Thursday. — Sister Martha's birthday, aged 24 
years. I wish she was here to-night. Oh, how I do want 
to see them all and my dear little Lewisa. 

29th, Sunday. — Received an Advocate from sister Martha 
and intelligence of the death of uncle Walls of Vermont. 
He had been a long time afflicted with a cancer. I am in- 
formed that my dear father's family are all well. Oh, how 
good to hear that and my dear little Lewisa and Fanny 
are well. Fanny reads in the testament. She has indeed 



learned finely. Oh, how I wish I could hear her read. She 
will soon be able to teach her little sister and then if they 
live, and are good children, they may read together in 
their Bibles to grandpa and grandma. Oh, how much com- 
fort their dear mother will have in hearing them read and 
how often she will think of their dear father and wish 
that her children may grow up and inherit his virtues and 
be useful in the work and be prepared for a happy eternity. 

Nov. i st, Wednesday. — Visited with Mrs. Lyman and 
Mrs. Mills 19 at Mrs. Buckingham's; saw Mrs. Sanderson 
there and we had a good visit and I feel as though it had 
been a profitable time to me. Mrs. Mills is one of three 
whose husbands died last fall. She is a smart, sensible 
woman. We have been talking of forming a moral reform 
society and I think there will be one soon, for all that I 
have heard converse about it, are in favor of it. 

Nov. 6th, Monday. — Eli and William are writing to Mr. 
Northrup this evening and I ought to be writing to sister 
Mary, but Fve sent a paper to brother L. (Lathrop) to-day 
and they will hear from us soon. 

Nov. 10, Wednesday. — This is the anniversary of sister 
Mary's marriage. How many and how great the changes 
that have taken place in six years. Have to-day attended 
sewing society. 

19 Wife of Col. Isaac Mills. Both Mrs. Lyman and Mrs. Mills were widowed 
by the fatal effect of malaria on some of the colonists who came all the way 
from New York in a canal boat, by Erie Canal, Lake Erie, Ohio Canal, Ohio 
River, Mississippi River and Illinois River. 



nth, Saturday. — Have received two numbers of the 
Advocate. Martha is anxious to know if we receive things 
statedly. We have received them often and there is no 
need of prosecuting postmasters. We are glad to hear that 
our friends are well. 

13th, Monday. — Sabbath School concert to-night. Have 
received a letter from C. Jerome, who tells us that our 
friends in C. (Cazenovia) were all well the last he knew 
of them. Last Sabbath there was an appointment for a 
meeting to organize a Female Moral Reform Society. 

Tuesday evening. — Mrs. Lyman, Mrs. Sanderson, Mrs. 
West and a few others of us have been in this afternoon 
to assist one of our neighbors in sewing. She has been 
unable to do any for some time and has a large family. 

Nov. 2 1 st, Monday. — Had a severe thunder storm. 

Nov. 22. — Three years to-day since brother Lewis died. 

Nov. 23rd. — A meeting of the females to-day for the 
purpose of organizing a moral reform society. It was an 
unfavorable day for the meeting, but there was quite a 
little meeting. We obtained 30 names as members of the 

Nov. 23rd. — Sent a letter to Cazenovia. 

Dec. 1st, Friday. — My dear husband's birthday aged (34) 
years. How short the life of man upon earth ! How swiftly 
it passes away. Oh, that we may so number our days that 
we may apply our hearts unto wisdom. This has been a 
very warm day, rainy and some thunder. Mrs. Buckingham 
has been here to-day assisting Eli about making brooms. 



Jan. i, 1838, Monday.— A day of fasting and prayer for 
the conversion of the world. Another year has rolled away 
and Oh, how many recollections rest upon my mind. I 
remember the circumstances of the evening of the first 
of Jan. 1837. I was sitting with my dear father and mother, 
brothers and sisters in that dear abode which I have since 
left and am now a great distance from those dear friends. 
I then had my dear little Lewissa on my lap and Fanny 
too sat listening, apparently interested in the conversation. 
I would record with gratitude the mercies of the past. A 
very important change in the circumstances of my dear 
husband and myself has taken place during the past year, 
a change of place. The providence of God has brought 
us to this far distant land and has watched over our health 
and safety, but Oh, how ungrateful ! How cold and stupid. 
I would humble myself and repent as in dust and ashes, 
before God, in view of my unfaithfulness, and when I see 
how often I failed of fulfilling my good resolutions, I am 
reminded of my weakness and the necessity of entire de- 
pendency upon Divine aid. I would renew the resolutions 
made the last year and trust more entirely in the strength 
of the Lord. Attended meeting here at the grove. It was 
a full and interesting meeting. Father Waters preached. 
Mr. Gale is absent at Monmouth where there are hopeful 
appearances of a revival. Today commenced reading the 

4th, Thursday. — Received papers from home to-day, a 
Monitor containing the notice of the death of Charles 
Severance. He is taken away in the morning of his days 



from his friends, his aged and widowed mother, a young 
wife to whom he had been united but a short time. 

7th, Sabbath evening. — I am at home all alone here in 
this little log cabin. The others have all gone to meeting 
and I hope the spirit of the Lord will be with them. There 
are some hopeful appearances of a work of the Lord in 
this place. Perhaps my dear Mother is at home alone this 
evening. The others are at meeting. If so, I hope the spirit 
of God is with her and she feels his special presence cheer- 
ing and comforting her soul. Perhaps she is this moment 
offering to God a petition for her absent daughter. This 
morning was very tedious, snowstorm, and we were dis- 
appointed about going to the village to meeting as we 
anticipated, but had a meeting here at the grove. Had 
Finney's sermon read, subject: 'the prayer of faith.' 

Jan. 10th. — To-day Doct. Perry and Mr. Wooden started 
for the east. We have sent letters to our friends in Pompey 
and Cazenovia. 

Jan. 14th. — The birthday of my dear little Lewissa. She 
is to-day three years old. Oh, may that child long be a 
comfort and a blessing to her dear widowed mother and 
her sister. May the great God be her Father and may all 
her steps be directed by wisdom. 

Jan. 31st. — Have to-day received a letter from my dear 
old friend Mrs. Stiles. She seems really delighted with 
her situation. 



March 12th. — Today Mrs. Lyman moves into the vil- 
lage 20 and for a while we have the little log cabin to our- 
selves. She is a lonely widow. May the consolations of 
God's Holy Spirit accompany her. 

April nth. — My birthday. Thirty- (one) 21 years of my 
short life have fled and how little accomplished. This may 
be the last birthday I shall ever witness. Oh, my soul, art 
thou ready to leave this scene and enter upon the realities 
of eternity! 

April 14th. — Mr. Hannum and wife, Mr. Fraisbe and 
two sons, are now with us expecting to spend a few weeks. 
My health at present quite poor. 

July 14th. — Through the goodness of God, my health is 
so far improved that I am again able to attend to my duties. 
Oh, how little is health, the greatest earthly blessing valued. 
I would gladly dedicate myself over to the service of God 
and do something for His honor and Glory. 

20 Galcsburg. The Farnhams were still living in Log City. 
21 Thirty-one years of my — . Mrs. Farnham died Dec. 18, 1872. 




New Yor\ 


















Ontario, Canada 

Stony Creek 

Canada, corit. 









Windsor (Sandwich) 













Cold Water 


Michigan, con't. 



White Pigeon 






New Durham 
Michigan City 
Lake County 


Will County 





Henderson Grove 

Log City 




Probably the most interesting 'find' relating to the early 
history of Galesburg, that has turned up in recent years is 
a description of Log City by Samuel Holyoke, illustrated 
with crude but graphic sketches of the cabins which were 
the first homes of Galesburg's pioneers. It was found in the 
spring of 1936 among a large bundle of unsorted papers 
and documents, stored for years in the college vault. It 
ranks in value as a source with the controversial pamphlets 
published during the dispute between the Congregation- 
alists and Presbyterians for the control of Knox College. 
It is the only reliable information we have about the phy- 
sical appearance of Log City, the famous oil painting by 
Amy West reproduced in 'Seventy-Five Significant Years' 
by Martha Farnham Webster, being too vague to give 
an idea of detail. 

The pictures, drawn in pencil with painstaking detail, 
are on four sheets joined together, and form a sort of 
panoramic view of the settlement from west to east, each 



cabin numbered for identification with the description in 
the accompanying manuscript. The text is written in a 
bold, legible hand on sheets that have been pasted together 
top and bottom to form one continuous strip. In addition 
to the data about Log City, there is a similar sketch of the 
first house built in Galesburg, accompanied by the floor 
plans. This house stood on East Main Street, between 
Prairie and Kellogg, on the north side. It was begun by a 
mysterious member of the Galesburg colony, who dis- 
appeared the following year, and bought by Samuel Holy- 
oke's father half completed, as Holyoke relates in his 

Log City was a temporary settlement, near what is now 
Lincoln Park, north of Galesburg. It consisted of the 
cabins already standing on the two 'improved' farms 
bought by the colonists, and others erected by the settlers, 
to serve as living quarters until they could erect their per- 
manent homes in Galesburg or on the surrounding farms. 
Galesburg was unique among pioneer villages in that none 
of its earliest houses were log cabins. 

Samuel Greenleaf Holyoke was the oldest son of William 
Holyoke, a carriage builder and wheelwright of Cincin- 
nati. In his narrative Samuel tells of the 'boat party' stop- 
ping at Cincinnati, and the accident by which his father 
and mother became acquainted with Mr. and Mrs. Isaac 
Mills, and thus learned of the plans for Galesburg and 
Knox College. The boat party was an ill-advised scheme 
of John C. Smith of Utica, N. Y. to make the entire journey 



to Illinois by water in a canal boat in mid-summer. In the 
miasmic bottom lands of the Ohio the entire company, 
thirty-seven people, seventeen of them small children, were 
stricken with malaria, and four of them died. 

William Holyoke was so greatly impressed by Mills' 
account, he made a visit to Log City, and returning, moved 
his entire family there in the autumn of 1836. The family 
consisted of his wife Lucy, four sons, Samuel, Joseph, 
William Edward, George, his daughter Lucy, and an 
adopted daughter. William established his carriage busi- 
ness, was made trustee of Knox College, and became one 
of the most militant abolitionists in the community. He 
organized one of the first anti-slavery societies in Illinois, 
and his house was one of the stations on the Underground 
Railroad, where fugitive slaves were hidden and helped 
on their way to Canada. 

Samuel and George atended Knox College irregularly. 
William graduated, '46, became a minister, and was also 
a trustee until his death in 1903. George married Avis 
Prentice, daughter of Junius C. and Abigail Prentice, 
fellow pioneers. 

In 191 1, when Samuel was 86 year old, he drew the pic- 
tures and wrote the accounts that are here reproduced. The 
narrative changes some popular impressions of Log City. 
Not all the Galesburg colony lived there. In his memoir 
of his great-grandfather, Silvanus Ferris, Charles Ferris 
Gettemy states that his mother, Mary Ella Ferris, was born 
at Log City, but here we learn that the Ferris family settled 



at their sawmill some two miles from Log City, where 
William Ferris was undoubtedly living when his daughter 
was born. 

When Log City had served its purpose it was sold by 
the college trustees to Peter Grosscup, 90 acres for $1000. 
Groscup tore down the cabins and made a brickyard, and 
paid for the land by supplying bricks for one of the col- 
lege buildings, possibly Old Main. (See Churchill's scrap 

Earnest Elmo Calkins 




Drawn {rom memory by a man who lived in Log City as a boy, this chart by Samuel Holyoke, found recently 
in the Knox College archives, is the most authentic record extant of the village in which Galesburg's founders 
lived while building their city "out on the prairie." The drawing is reproduced here for die first time. 


Sketch of Log City — Written in August, 1910 

Descriptions of Numbers on S\etch 

J^ UMBER 1. The log house here was on the farm of 
William Lewis who settled there eight years before the 
coming of the Colony. Mr. C. S. Colton 1 with his family 
and his brother G. D. Colton occupied this house through 
the winter of 1836 and 1837 and the summer of 1837. Mr. 
and Mrs. Colton had two daughters and two sons. 

Number 2. Represents a small building built by Mr. 
C. S. Colton of split boards and used by him as a store. 
He started with less than $500.00 worth of goods. 

1 Chauncey Sill Colton and Gad Dudley Colton were respectively the first 
merchant and the first manufacturer of Galesburg. The tradition is that 
William Lewis' smokehouse at Log City was Colton's first store, but this 
account reverses that, and apparently Colton lived in Lewis' house and built 
the small building that served as a general store until Log City moved to 
Galesburg, and Colton established his store there on the West corner of the 
Square. Lewis was one of the Hoosiers who sold his farm to the Gale colony. 



Number 3. A small log house built by old Mr. Goodell 2 
in the autumn of '36. He came from the state of Maine 
with his wife and one son and three daughters, the young- 
est about fif ten or sixteen years old. A grand old man and 
an exemplary family. He never was able to build in the 
prairie town, but lived several years at the Grove, and his 
children walked regularly to the burg on the sabbath to 
attend meeting. 

Number 4. This is the house we found empty when we 
arrived on the 22nd day of May 1837. My father and 
mother, 3 four sons, one daughter and one adopted daugh- 
ter, and one woman as a helper to mother in the house- 
work, 4 arrived at the town of Galesburg about the middle 
of the afternoon the 22nd of May, and found a staked out 
town without a house in it, four men 5 just starting to 
build one; the next day my father bought what they had 
done and the materials they had prepared for it, and in 
a few weeks completed it, the first house in the town. 
We found Nehemiah West 6 at work on his farm just 
north of North Street where Broad St. is now opened up 

2 Abcl Goodell. This account is about all we know of him. His first wife was 
named Betsey. Among their children were Lucinda N. (Mrs. Sallee), Caroline 
M. (Mrs. Haskins) and Olive Frances (Mrs. Adams). Abel married as his 
second wife, Eunice Adams, widow of Sebastian Adams. 

3 William and Lucy Holyoke. Samuel speaks of his father as William 
Hoi yoke III. 

4 The church register contains the name of Elizabeth Boots, of Cincinnati, who 
joined the church at the same time as the Holyokes. She was probably the 
'helper' referred to. 

5 One of whom was Philemon Phelps. 

6 Nehemiah West led the first covered train to arrive at Log City, and devoted 
himself to securing quarters for the immigrants as they arrived, a difficult task, 



through. He gave us a good welcome and told us to rest 
a while and he would show us the road to his house where 
we could be cared for the night. We got there soon after 
sundown and found Mrs. West to be a sister of an old 
friend of ours. Mary Allen West was a babe about 5 or 6 
months old. Mrs. West said who can take care of the 
baby while we women get the supper. My father said give 
her to Sam, he will keep her all right, so I had the honor 
of holding Mary Allen West in my lap, but she outgrew it. 
The next day we moved into No. 4, and we had the whole 
of that house until the last of July, and then came four 
families together from Oneida Co., New York. Levi 
Sanderson, 7 wife and daughter and son; Sheldon W. 
Allen, 8 wife and son; Eli Farnham and wife 9 ; Junius Pren- 
tice, wife and two children, and no shelter for them. The 
Holyokes vacated the east room, moving all their effects 
into the west room and the four newcomer families lived 

as the narrative reveals. He was the factotum of the enterprise, and shares with 
George W. Gale and Silvanus Ferris the honor of helping to establish the 
colony. Before moving to Illinois for good, West made two trips from his 
home in New York State, once as a member of the Exploring Committee and 
again with the Purchasing Committee, services as valuable in their way as any 
rendered by other members of the Society. His wife was Catharine Neeley, 
and they had five children. 

7 Levi Sanderson was landlord of the first hotel, the Galesburg House, on the 
Southwest corner of Main and Cherry Streets. This inn was built by Hiram 
H. Kellogg, the first president of Knox College. 

8 Bracketing Sheldon Allen with the Farnhams, Sandersons and Prentices, con- 
firms Mrs. Webster's statement that they came west in the same wagon train, 
but Jerusha Farnham, in her diary, does not mention them, and does apparently 
include the Martins, whom Mrs. Webster omits. Mrs. Webster was Jerusha 
Farnham 's daughter. 

9 Jerusha Loomis Farnham, who kept a diary of her trek from Cazenovia, New 
York, to Log City 1836-37. 



in the east room until the last of September, when we 
moved out to our house in the Burg, in which Nehemiah 
Losey had lived while he was building his new house in 
the town. 

Number 5. Represents the dwelling of Rev. G. W. Gale 
and family. He built on the east side another room of 
split boards as drawn. Some persons will need to be in- 
formed that at this time there were no sawmills in that 
region, although three were being built, one at the creek 
one-third of a mile north of Log City, and another two 
miles west and half mile north of the first mentioned. 
The first was called John Kendall's Mill, built by him. He 
lived in the Grove near the mill. The second was built by 
the Ferris family and was owned and run for some years 
by one Wm. Ferris who later moved into the burg and 
carried on the milk business, furnishing his customers 
milk, cream and dutch cheese. Another sawmill was built 
on the south side of the creek Cedar Fork about midway 
between West St. and Academy St. by four men who each 
invested $1000.00 and built a fine large sawmill. The men 
were Mr. King, Swift, West and Gale. These mills all 
three of them commenced to make lumber late in the fall 
of '37 and were kept running busy for many years and 
were greatly the means of the rapid growth of the town. 

Number 6. Was built very late in the fall '36 for a school 
and meeting house and was used as such through the year 
'37 and part of '38. The poles for studding were flattened 
and made straight on one side and set in the ground and 



the split boards nailed to them, and that was all there was 
of the walls; no finish inside. For heat in cold weather 
we had a plain 6-plate box stove cast iron, nearly two feet 
square and four feet long, with hearth and door at one 
end and pipe at the other end, and stood on legs about a 
foot high, and the weather was never too cold or too hot 
for all to go to meeting because the people have the right 
temperature in their hearts. 

Number 7. This log cabin was built late in the fall of 
'36 by Mr. Mills, 10 one of the number who came on the 
canal boat down the Ohio canal to the Ohio river and 
down the river to Cincinnati, where they stopped and had 
a treadwheel horse power built on the stern end of their 
boat, hoping to gain time and speed by the using of the 
horses which they were bringing with them. One day 
while they were waiting for that to be made, Mr. Mills 
was taking a carriage ride with his wife and daughter 
through and around the city, when near my father's car- 
riage shop one of the thills of his carriage broke down and 
he came to my father's shop to have a new thill put in. 
My father had never heard of the Knox College enterprise,, 
but he got a pretty good idea of it from Mr. Mills in the 
two hours he was detained by his misfortune. Mrs. Mills 
and her daughter were in the house with my mother and 
they were getting acquainted, and the result was father 

10 Isaac Mills, a man of some means, who largely financed the ill-fated 'boae 
party'. George W. Gale says, 'Col. Isaac Mills, a farmer of Herkimer County, 
was with his whole family converted to Christ from Universalism in the great 
revival of 1825.' 



determined to close out his business and take a part in the 
enterprise. This was about the first of June and the last 
of August father came by steamboat on the rivers to Peoria, 
and there got two horses from a livery stable for himself 
and his man he took along with him for company, and 
they rode out till they found the College committee sur- 
veying and staking out Galesburg, and he then returned 
home and began to get ready to move in the spring. Mr. 
Mills' family were his wife, two sons and one daughter. 
There were three men in the company on the boat who 
were very large both in body and mind, each of them over 
six feet six inches tall and well proportioned. They were 
so long time on their boat journey that they were taken 
with malarial fever and all three died before winter, Mr. 
Mills, Mr. Lyman and Mr. Smith, and were buried in what 
was afterward laid out as Hope Cemetery. Mrs. Smith 
went immediately back to New York. Their deaths were 
a great loss to the colony and to the college. 

Number 8. Was occupied by the family of Mr. Lyman, 
Mrs. Lyman, her two sons and two daughters, a very 
estimable family. They built a good house in the town 
and lived in it several years. The eldest son, after some 
years, went to Wisconsin as a music teacher and married 
there, and the family went there to live. 

Number 9. During the summer of '37 this cabin was 
occupied by Father John Waters, 11 the oldest man in the 

11 John Waters, a retired clergyman, of Hartford Mills, N. Y., one of the first 
men consulted by Gale about his plan of founding a college in the West. He 



colony and a good Presbyterian preacher. He was small 
in stature, with a wife 12 much larger than he was, and a 
large family of children, four daughters and three sons. 

Number io. Hugh Conger 13 and family of three daugh- 
ters and one son, lived here through the winter of '36 and 
'37 and the summer of '37. He was a blacksmith and had 
a small shop just north of the house, where he shod the 
horses and did smith work for all who came for it. 

Number ii. Here the Averys 14 lived in '36, '37 and '38, 
two brothers Hyde T. and George T. and one sister Cor- 
nelia. They were brothers and sisters of Mrs. John Kendall. 
I visited last summer in Worcester, New York. There was 
a photographer at the same house. He was from New 
Lebanon, Mass., where John Kendall went when he left 
Galesburg. The artist heard that I had lived in G. and 
asked me if I knew John Kendall. I told him I certainly 
did. Then he said that he took Mrs. Kendall's photo the 
day she was 100 years old and he offered to send to me one 
of them which he did, and I am going to send it to you so 
that if you wish you may have it copied and send the 
original back to me. I think it is a fine souvenir of the old 
Log City times. She died the next year after, just before 
she was 101. 

presided at the early meetings of the Society, and was the first president of 

the board of trustees. 

12 Wealthy Waters. 

13 Hugh Congrer, brother-in-law of Nehemiah West. He was one of the first 

Universalists in Galesburg, and one of the prime movers in establishing 

Lombard University. 

14 The sons of George Avery, Cyrus and Robert, invented the Avery Spiral Stalk 

Cutter and founded the Avery Cornplanter Works, later moved to Peoria. 



Number 12. The home of Nehemiah West and family 
where the Holyokes spent their first night in Log City. 
Mr. West seemed that summer to be commander-in-chief 
and had charge of all colony property and business, and 
was very efficient. Of his family the eldest was a daughter, 
then three sons and Mary Allen West. 15 Mr. West was 
very active and busy and of large value to the colony and 
to the college. 

Number 13. Here lived Barber Allen and his wife, 
daughter and son. Mr. Allen's two older sons, who were 
married and had families of their own and lived a mile 
farther northeast toward Henderson village. Mother Allen 
was a very devout, warm-hearted Christian, wonderfully 
gifted in prayer and testimony, a great help to the church. 
From her Mary Allen West received her middle name. 

Number 14. Professor Nehemiah Losey 16 and family 
lived in this log cabin through die fall and winter of '36 
and '37 and during a part of the summer of '37. When 
the first house on the prairie was enclosed he moved into 
it and lived there till he got his own new house so that he 
could live in it. My father had crops growing on the colony 
farm and did not care to move out on the prairie until his 
crops were harvested, so Mr. Losey could have the first 
house, and that saved him going three and a half miles 

15 Mary Allen West, the famous temperance crusader, president of the State 
W.C.T.U., editor of The Union Signal, author of 'Annals of our Village' — a 
history of Galesburg in fiction form — and the first woman to be elected County 
Superintendent of Schools in Illinois. 

16 Nehemiah Losey, who made the first survey of Galesburg, was the first 
postmaster, and the first professor of mathematics at Knox College. 



each night and morning. In the winter and spring that 
Mr. Losey lived in the log cabin he taught three classes; 
that was the beginning of the school. 

Number 15. Here lived good deacon Thomas Sim- 
mons 17 and his wife and adopted daughter and his nephew 
Jonathan Simmons and his wife. The adopted daughter 
of Thomas Simmons was a very fine fair young woman 
and after a year or so became the wife of Elam Hitchcock, 
the older brother of Henry Hitchcock. The Hitchcock 
family, the mother and two sons Samuel and Henry, built 
a good large log cabin on their farm about three miles 
south west of Log City in the fall of '36 and lived in it 
several years till they got ready to build better. 

Number 16. The farther east house of Log City proper 
was the home of Patrick Dunn, 18 one of the pioneers of 
the colony, and he and his family of wife and one son and 
two daughters and a maiden lady sister of his wife, lived 
there about three years before he built his house in the 
prairie town and came to live in G. 

Number 17, 18. Represent two frame houses one story 
and a half in height, good houses built out in the field by 
two brothers of the name of Wheeler.' 9 They were good 

17 Thomas Simmons, one of the Purchasing Committee that selected and bought 
the site of Galesburg, and a trustee of Knox College. 

18 Patrick Dunn was one of two Catholic half-brothers that George W. Gale 
'converted' during his missionary work in northern New York. His son James 
F. Dunn established the first Galesburg bank, and his daughter Ann became 
the wife of Henry R. Sanderson and entertained Abraham Lincoln at her home 
on Broad Street at the time of his debate with Stephen A. Douglas. 
19 Very little has been found out about the Wheelers. There were two brothers 
of this name, one of whom was married. 



carpenters and these houses early in the winter of '37 were 
hauled to the prairie town. They were placed on large 
round poles for runners, and twenty yokes of oxen hitched 
to them, and with a great halloo and hurrah boys they 
made the trip in four or five hours. One of them I remem- 
ber was located on the south west corner of Cedar and 
Ferris Streets. I cannot say whether these brothers came on 
the boat with the colony or not, but I know they both died 
that winter. One of them was married; the other was 
single. I remember well the widow Wheeler and her 
family, her two sons, Warren and Elisha, and her daughter 
Fidelia, and the widow's sister, Fidelia Fox. 

Now there were in Log City several unmarried men and 
women at this time of which I write. One Abram Tyler 
who was N. West's hired man, and boarded with him. 
Roswell Andrus, he was Jonathan Simmons' hired man; 
Jerry Langler, Mr. Gale's man of all work; Adoniram 
Kendall, a carpenter, and Pliny Morse, who both worked 
in the mill with John Kendall, and there were some others. 

I hope you will be able to get from what I have written 
a tolerable idea of Log City and its people. For myself 
I desire to say that I think there never was another company 
of people living together for one purpose who lived to- 
gether so happily and worked with such mighty energy 
as the company of men and women who were the pioneers 
in the establishing of Galesburg and the great Knox Col- 
lege. They had marvelous faith and their works corres- 
ponded, and the women were no small factor. A goodly 



number of them were leaders, efficient and highly gifted, 
and were brave to work even in inconvenient and difficult 
conditions. I am thankful that in my youth I was permitted 
to know and live with such people. They were as nearly 
one family as possible; whatever loss or misfortune came 
to anyone of them they all shared it. I think I should give 
the names of some of the good women who were a power 
in the church and should be remembered with loving 

Mrs. Waters could testify to edification and pray as 
fervently as any of the men, and Mrs. Sanderson, Mrs. 
Allen, Mrs. West, Mrs. Hitchcock 20 were women of like 
gifts and spirit, and I must not forget Miss Pluma Phelps, 
a young woman admired by everyone who knew her. She 
was an active worker in the meetings of the church, of 
wonderful tact, spirit and character, and wise in winning 
souls and in love and grace. One in ten thousand, a bright 
and shining light. 

Now there were several families connected with the 
colony who did not live in Log City, but some in Knoxville 
and Knox Grove. Matthew Chambers went to Knoxville 
and opened a store and sold goods there for three or four 
years before he came to Galesburg to live. He had four 
sons and two daughters who were in school in the Acad- 

20 Sarah Warner Hitchcock was the widow of Aldred Hitchcock, an officer 
of the War of 1812, who came to Galesburg with her four sons and three 
daughters. Her son Henry married George W. Gale's daughter Margaret, 
and was professor of mathematics at Knox College. When Silvanus Ferris' 
wife died, he married Mrs. Hitchcock, who was accepted with affection by his 
numerous children and grandchildren. 



emy at the same time that I was. The oldest daughter 
Cordelia came from Knoxville and with two young ladies 
by the name of Taylor, nieces of James Knox, (James 
Knox was Whig congressman) and Cornelia Avery of 
Log City, the four boarded in my father's family and 
roomed in one of the upper rooms of the first house in G. 
four terms of school. Miss Cordelia Chambers later mar- 
ried Silas Willard and so became the aunt of Professor 
Thomas Willard. 

I want to mention another family that did not live in 
Log City. In the month August, '37 Jones Harding and 
family came from Batavia, New York, and bought a farm 
of the college, 80 acres; the northwest corner was at the 
crossing of the section lines of the one which runs north 
from Main Street on the west side of the farm originally 
owned by George Avery, and the north line was the ex- 
tension west of Fremont Street. There near the northwest 
corner he built a log house and barn and lived there some 
years. He was a very energetic man, a bricklayer and 
plasterer by trade, and built all the chimneys and plastered 
all the houses, for the first two years of Galesburg. He was 
highly esteemed by all as a very honest, upright and useful 
man. He had a family of wife and four daughters and 
one son. 

Now I have written only a very brief portion of what my 
memory retains concerning the pioneers who deserve to 
be remembered for the work accomplished by them, and 
in which they wrought unitedly and enthusiastically. It 



will not be possible for those who have had no experience 
in frontier life to realize and appreciate the amount of 
courage and energy such life demands, but I hope you will 
feel that this is written with the desire that the Pioneers 
of Log City, Galesburg and Knox College may be remem- 
bered gratefully and be honored as they deserve. You may 
rest assured that the statements made here are true and 
correct for they have been cherished over and over again 
many, many times through seventy-three years. It has 
been a joy to me to often recall the many stirring incidents 
of those early times, and I am glad to be able to write 
even a few of them for the use of anyone who may please 
to spend a few minutes in their perusal. 

Yours for Knox College 
as long as time with me shall last 
Samuel Greenleaf Holyoke 
86 years of age